Monday, June 29, 2015

Edgeview Realty Co.

1921 ad for Edgeview Realty Co.
1915 recorded Sussex county Deed plot for Edgeview in Delmar

Tuesday, June 9, 2015

DHAS Meets Thursday Night

The Delmar Historical and Arts Society will meet Thursday night at the "Peddlers Four" on Pennsylvania avenue at 7 PM

The 1890 Living Survivers Civil war Census

In 1890 a special Civil War Veterans and Widows Schedule was created, and enumerators asked whether a person had been a Union or Confederate soldier, sailor, or marine during the Civil War, or was a widow of such a person. I went thru and listed the below people, in the Wicomico County Part of the Census, who had a Delmar address.

Campbell, Charles H., Private, 9th Delaware infantry
White, James G., Private, 1st Delaware Infantry
West, Jacob, Private
Smith, John W., Colored
Parsons, Wm J., Private, 3rd Maryland Infantry
Melson,, Thomas I. S., Corporal, 9th Delaware Infantry
Downs, Joseph, Private, 1st Delaware Infantry
Bishop, Peter W., Private, Maryland Art. Colored Exempted
Parsons, Nathaniel, Private, 9th Maryland Infantry Colored
Wailes, Sandy W., Private, 19th Maryland
Truitt, Benjamin T., Private, 1st Maryland
Freeny, William, Private, 9th Maryland
Wilkins, James, Private, 2nd Maryland
Furey, John, Corporal, 7th reg. of cav.
Vincent, Peter W., Private, 1st Delaware
Melson, Thos Asbury, Sargent, 1st delaware
Bensing, Wm, Private, 58th Massachett
Farlow, Benjamin W., Private, 1st Del Inf.
Mitchell, George, Private, 19th Reg. C Vol.
Dashiell, George, Private, 9th Maryland

Monday, June 8, 2015

Delmar Delaware Expenditures For Sept 1944

For many years towns would publish monthly a list of what expenditures they had for the month in the local newspaper. It kept people honest. Needless to say we no longer do that. I would be willing to say few if any people on the council know what checks are written by the town each month. When I first became involved in town affairs there would be a list of expenses submitted at the council meetings and we would vote on rather or not to pay them. It was a matter of record. Not done now, but I am considered old fashion on that subject. Here are the expenditures for Delmar Delaware in 1944 when we had no town employees other than a cop and parttime people. The elected councilmembers collected the taxes and wrote the checks.


Cash on hand...................................$5,305.28
Bank of Delmar, Int on Bond........................87.50
Joe Walker, work on streets 55 hours @ 60c hr......33.00
Sam Bynum, work on streets, 22 hrs @ 50c...........11.00
Patrolman salary, Joe Walker August................40.00
Wm Wailes, work on streets, 15 hours @ 50c hr......10.00
Rob't Bynum work on streets, 15 hours @ 50c hr......7.50
Sunoco Service Station, 32 gal gas and 1 qt oil.....6.84
The Bi-State Weekly Printing .......................9.30
Delmarva Asphalt Co., 10 ton stone @ 4.00 per ton..40.00
700 gals asphalt @ 12c.............................84.00
Delmarva Asphalt Co, 10 ton stone @ 4.00 ton.......40.00
Delmarva Power and Light Co Street Lighting Aug....99.58
Ira Wilson cutting weeds 6 1/3 hrs @ 1.50...........9.50
Cash on hand Oct 1, 1944........................$4,827.06

So there are a couple of interesting items, first is 32 gallons of gas and a quart of oil for $6.84.

Second is why was Ira Wilson paid three times as much per hour as the other workers?
I thought at first it was a difference in pay for white and black workers. Sam and Robert Bynum, and William Wailes are black. Joe Walker is white and so is Ira Wilson. Joe Walker was paid 60 cents an hour so that isn't the entire reason for Ira Wilson's $1.50 an hour. My thoughts and guess is that Ira Wilson supplied some kind of equipment, perhaps horse and wagon, grasscutter or chemicals that were figured into his hourly rate, as I know for previous research the town baliff was paid one hourly rate and if he used his horse he was paid a higher hourly rate.

Mason and Dixon Set the Delmar Marker - 1764

April 22, 1764 Charles Mason, Jr. and Jeremiah Dixon measured Delaware's western boundary and placed a marker in the southwest corner of the state at Columbia west of Delmar

Picked up from This Day in Delaware History

Indian Land Sold - 1768

May 4th, in 1768 The Colony of Maryland sold 3,000 acres of land in Laurel that had been dedicated as a Nanticoke Indian reservation to local buyers after the Indians had left the area. Parts of western Sussex County were still in dispute between Delaware and Maryland.

Picked up from This Day in Delaware History

The Merikens From Somerset County Maryland - 1814

When the War of 1812 started most of the fighting was in the north along the Canadian border. This left the Chesapeake bay area including Washington and Baltimore without an army to defend it. Admiral Alexander Cochrane of the British Navy, in 1813 with a squadron of naval vessels sailed in and set up camp on Tangier Island. He had a large fort built, including well, houses, breastworks, barracks, hospital, gardens and cannons, on the southwestern end of the island. At one point there were over 1,200 British soldiers garrisoned on the island. From that position in the Chesapeake Cochrane had the run of the Chesapeake Bay area. The only defense the Chesapeake Bay population had were lightly trained home militia.

In the early 1800’s there were a number of slave revolts from Haiti in the Caribbean to Chatam Manor, Virginia in 1805, and any thoughts of armed slaves made the white residents of the Chesapeake area quite nervous. Alexander Cochrane played a little psychological warfare with the residents by saying any slave (or actually anyone) not "satisfied" with living in America could come to his camp and he would make arrangements to send them to Canada or the Caribbean. They were also given the opportunity to join the Royal Marines stationed at Tangier Island. Several thousand from the Chesapeake area fled their masters and went over to the British, some joined the Royal Marines and became part of the Colonial Marines that was attached to the Royal Marines. They were clothed, trained and had the same living arrangements as the Royal marines at Tangier Island. The Eastern Shore Colonial Marines were valuable to the British not only for filling out the ranks but since they knew the local area they could act as guides for the British.

In 1814 Thomas Beauchamp was living on his farm on the Annamessex River outside of Princess Anne. Three of his slaves on October 15th, 1814 fled to the British frigate “Regulus” which was in the Tangier sound. The slaves were Stephen Beauchamp, Elijah Beauchamp, and Jack Teagle. Isaac Beachamp's slave, Mentor Beauchamp, also joined them.

Both Stephen and Elijah Beauchamp and Mentor Beauchamp joined the British in the Sixth Company of Colonial Marines. In November of 1814, Thomas Jones of Somerset County saw Stephen on Tangier Island “in British uniform and in the British ranks."

The Colonial Marines with the now ex-Beauchamp-slaves saw their first action at Pungoteague on the Eastern Shore on May 29, 1814. On that day the 83 gun British warship “Albion” moved into position between Onancock and Tangier Island Virginia and begin offloading Royal and Colonial Marines. After some confusion and entering Onancock Creek by mistake the Marines eventually entered Pungoteague Creek with eleven barges and launches of Marines on May 30th.

The second Regiment of Virginia Militia had built a small fort at the mouth of Pungoteague Creek. Thomas M. Bayly commanded the 2nd Regiment. Bayly with 50 men defended the fort against 400 trained veteran British Royal Marines and sailors. In addition there was cannon and rocket fire from the “Albion.” In the fight about 30 uniformed Black Marines of the Colonial Marines lead the advance against the American Forces. One would be shot and killed. Altho the number varies, from four to fourteen, British Marines were shot that day and were later buried on Tangier Island. The end results of this fight was both sides claimed victory although based on wounded and dead the Americans seem to come out ahead.

A month later these two opposing units would fight again at Chessconnessex Creek on the Bayside of Accomack County. The British used the Colonial Marines again at the Battle of Bladensburg and three companies fought at North Point, Maryland. When the British moved south to Georgia in December 1814, the Colonial Marines joined them. Operating from Cumberland Island, the ranks swelled to six companies. After the war, the Colonial Marines served in Bermuda for fourteen months and in 1816 the units were disbanded in Trinidad.

Stephen, Elijah, and Isaac Beachamp's slave Mentor Beauchamp were part of 700 Colonial Marines that would settled in Trinidad and were each given sixteen acres of land that the British had promised each soldier's family.

The Colonial Marines’ were organized in villages in their military companies, in the south of the island around the Mission of Savanna Grande, now Princes Town. Today those villages are called “The Company Villages”. Each under the local supervision of an ex-sergeant, sworn in as an alguacil or constable, and under the general control of the Commandant of the Quarter. Each household in the Colonial Marines’ settlements was to have five quarrĂ©s or sixteen acres, following the previous Spanish rule for persons of colour, and as much more as they could cultivate.

It is my impression they were always considered a separate group of citizens in Trinidad and referred to as Merikens (I assume short for Americans). The local planters thought they got the best land, and the Merikens acted different from the other people of colour on the island. There was some form of “discrimination” toward them that continues on up to current day.

Since the Ex-slave Americans, now Merikens were mainly of the Baptist religion belief they intermingled that belief with a number of African beliefs and developed the Shouter Baptist religion. Called Shouters because when they “catch The Spirit” they clap and shout, making a loud noise.

So Somerset County Maryland slaves formed a new class of free Black citizens in Trinidad and perhaps the Beauchamp name still is carried on in Trinidad from these ex-Eastern Shoreman.

As for Thomas Beauchamp, who lost his slaves; he died, but his son Samuel Beauchamp, under the reparation part of the Treaty of Ghent (that ended the War of 1812), claim for compensation for his three escaped slaves and Thomas Beauchamp's estate received $840 ($280 for each slave) in reparations.

Perhaps the only person who has done research in this interesting group of people called Merikens is John Weiss who is author of "THE MERIKENS: Free Black American Settlers in Trinidad 1815-16' and most of the internet information I obtained on Merikens was generated by him.

The First National Bank of Delmar, Delaware

I picked this information up from Rare National

The First National Bank of Delmar, Delaware

The First National Bank of Delmar, Delaware was the only bank in Delmar in to nationalize. It originally opened for business as a national bank in 1904 and it survived the great depression to make it past the national currency era which ended in 1935. The bank’s charter number is 7211.

On occasion a 1929 small size note from Delmar is available. However, 1902 red and blue seal national bank notes from The First National Bank of Delmar are hard to find. It is currently thought that only two notes from that 1904 to 1928 period still exist. As with most banks in Delaware, the appeal of currency from The First National Bank of Delmar is that it is from a small one bank town in a very small state.

James Polk Morris was likely the JP Morris listed as the first president of The First National Bank of Delmar in the 1904 Office of the Comptroller of Currency report. Samuel Kerr Slemons was the first cashier of the bank.

If you have any currency from The First National Bank of Delmar, please tell us about it. We are certainly interested parties, and you will likely be very pleased with our appraisal.

Contact me via email:, phone: 864-430-4020,

Note: A $10 1929 Type 1 issued by The First National Bank of Delmar was sold three years ago. The note was graded Fine+. It had an opening book bid of $1,500 and sold for $1,600.

Day In The Park 2015

The photo displayed at the Day in the Park this past Saturday was a donation, from Gary White, to the Delmar Historical and Arts Society this is a photo of the Banks Pants Factory in Delmar sometime in the 1950's.

The 1976 Delmar Mall

From the State Register June 10, 1976


DELMAR - The huge shopping mall now on the drawing boards for location in the Town of Delmar on the Delaware side of the state line along the west side of Dual Highway 13 is expected to employ more than 1,000 persons when fully completed.

This assessment of the economic impact the proposed mall will have on lower Sussex County was made Tuesday by John Moore, Jr. of the Realtor firm of Callaway, Farnell and Moore of Seaford, which has compiled the real estate package of about 80 acres upon which the mall will be built. “the mall will employ far more people than are now living in Delmar, Delaware “ Moore said.

Moore said that would take a year or two for the sewer and water facilities to handle the mall to be completed by the Town of Delmar after annexation of the land involved is approved in a referendum. The property where the mall intends to locate runs from the dual highway west to the present town limits and north along the highway from the present Sussex trust Co. property for one half mile. Much of the property is now used as an airport for small planes.

The mall building itself to be owned and developed by Shopco, Inc of New York City will contain 597,000 square feet or more than 14 acres under one roof. This would make the Delmar mall far larger than the present Salisbury Mall in Salisbury, Md.

Moore said that options for leases cannot be signed until the formal annexation of land has been approved and the water and sewer facilities completed. However, it is believed that two of the nation’s largest retail chains have indicated interest in becoming leases in the mall.

The house bill sponsored by Rep. William Gordy (D Laurel) and co-sponsored by Senator David H. Elliott (R Laurel) amending the charter of the Town Of Delmar so that the annexation proposal could be voted upon immediately instead of within two years was passed unanimously last Wednesday , June 2, by the House of Representatives . It is expected that the bill would also be passed by the state senate

this week under a suspension of the rules.


Plant No Grass On My Grave

I was out to a Line Church graveyard recently and saw several grave sites with a lack of grass covering it. This practice use to be more common years ago but there are a few graves still left like this. The site is usually covered in white sand or gravel, edged, and some descendant of the family pluck weeds and grass out of the gravel or spread weed killer. In a more modern world members of the families do not stay in the area where they were born so there is no one around to do the maintenance on such a grave site. I remember someone I worked with telling me his mother asked that no grass be planted on her grave so each week he would go out and pull grass and weeds from it. Since he is dead now I don't know who does it. Let's face it this is only going to done for about two generations after the last person known to your memory is buried there.

Now there are also ghost stories concerning graves such as this, but I think the real reason is, it is just a decoration, much like the way people use to have a swept yard (no grass, just sand and it would also be weeded and raked or actually swept with a broom) around their house. This practice may have also cropped up from the family avoiding the maintenance fee on the grave site. Most cemeteries now have perpetual maintenance included in the price of the plot but in an earlier time it was yearly charge.

I understand in other parts of USA they are going to artificial grass to avoid cutting grass.


June 1966 from The State Register


A twin-engine rented airplane en route to Norfolk ran out of gas Friday just across the Delaware State Line and made an unexpected emergency landing one half mile north of the Maryland State Police barracks on Route 13.

The pilot, who attempted to land in the south-bound lane of the dual highway, had to veer across the median strip to avoid a south bound automobile. The plane’s landing gear was damaged by the forced landing.

Maryland State police said the plane was piloted by Joseph B. Coray, 48, of Somerset Mass., and had been leased from the Apex Leasing Company of Somerset. The pilot was en route from Falls River, Mass., to Norfolk when he was forced to make his emergency landing. Only one automobile was in the vicinity of the landing when it occurred, according to state police.

A tow truck assisted by a group of men guiding the aircraft, pulled the plane north to the State Line Airport. State police directed traffic during the hour long operation.

The landing is currently being investigated by the Federal Aviation agency. No charges have been filed against the pilot by the Maryland State police.

June 15th is Separation Day In Delaware

Separation Day has always been enjoyed by married couples breaking up but in Delaware on June 15th, 1776, the Delaware General Assembly passed a resolution stating that Delaware, now fighting in the American Revolution, was declaring its independence from Great Britain and Pennsylvania with whom it had shared a Royal Governor. Less than three weeks later, Caesar Rodney, the Speaker of the Assembly, rode 80 miles in one night to arrive in Philadelphia by July 2nd. There, he voted for independence from England and signed the Declaration of Independence.

This event is recorded on the "Great Seal of the State of Delaware" by way of the date "1776". The dates 1704, 1776 and 1787 stands for; The Lower Counties on the Delaware established their own General Assembly in 1704; Separation Day, June 15, 1776, was the day the colonial General Assembly declared Delaware an independent state; Delaware Day, December 7, 1787, was the day Delaware ratified the United States Constitution, being the first state to do so

The 1930 Burnt Swamp Fire

Well with all this hot, dry weather I guess today's post will be about the great fire in 1930 that occurred in what today we call Burnt swamp (over by Selbyville), matter of fact, the fire created the name.

From 1930 to 1936 was a time of extreme drought (think Dustbowl), locally The 1930-32 time period was the most severe agriculture drought ever recorded in Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia and Virginia. Rainfall during that period was about 40 percent less than average. The year 1930 was the driest year since 1869. Crop losses for 1930 were estimated at $40 million. The highest temperature ever recorded in Delaware was 110°, Fahrenheit. This record high was recorded on July 21, 1930 at Millsboro. Some crops and pastures failed due to the drought. Other such as Cantaloupes and cucumbers came thru well. In normal seasons the rains would create disease in cantaloupes and they would die off, due to the driest the season was extended and resulted in high quality cantaloupes.

During this dry spell, the Laurel Rotary sent out a questionnaire asking what did it members think was the most important problem to be solved by the Town of Laurel; their unexpected answers were “we need rain.”

The great cypress swamps from Ellendale down to the south west of Selbyville called Cypress Swamp or Cedar Swamp and would shortly be called Burnt Swamp were dry. The swamp has always been a refuge for British sympathizers, civil war draft dodgers, runaway slaves and moonshiners. Prohibition was in effect (1920 to 1933) and out in the Great Cypress Swamp were moonshiners. Lore has it that in the summer of 1930 one of moonshiner’s still blew up and started a fire. It was a fire that would last for the next eight months and hundreds of firefighters fought it, however the fire got to the dried out peat soil and the peat deposits underground and the buried cypress trees that had fallen and never rotted . The fire would burn underground in the peat popping up in the middle of a farm or next popping up in the middle of the forest. It finally burnt itself out on it’s own.

Gumboro News - From the October, 1930 State Register

From the 1930 fire would come the story of the Selbyville Swamp Monster. Supposedly the apparition of an old shingle-maker who died in the 1930 fire still haunt the edge of the swamp. The Swamp monster has been spotted and photographed a number of times since the first photo of it appeared in the Delmarva News on April 23, 1964.

Parents would threaten children if they weren’t good they would be thrown in the swamp with the monster. Teenager boys would take their girlfriends on drives thru the swamp looking for the monster. People riding thru the swamp would lock the doors on their cars, just in case.

The story was all started by a staged photograph of Fred Stevens in his Halloween costume taken by the by Delmarva News Editor Ralph Grapperhaus in 1964 and grew from there.

In real life the swamp is still thick and hard to find your way around in, hunters and other people get lost for days at a time and have to be rescued, a small charter plane went down there in the 1970's. Rescues were attempted, but by the time the crews got out there, the people were dead. Though the engine was removed, the plane itself is still out there. Maybe a story about the ghost plane is in order.

The 1930 fire was actually the second major fire for the Burnt Swamp area. In June of 1782 the swamp was again dry and by some means caught fire. It continued to burn until caught up in strong southwest winds turned into a fire hell. It destroyed over 3,000 acres of cedar in less than 12 hours. The buildings in the area were in danger, people could not see due to the smoke. The fire was estimated at 100 feet high and the sky was full of live coals. The light of the fire was seen 70 miles away. At the last minute a shift in the winds reduced the fires and they burnt themselves out.

27 years later English botanist Thomas Nutall, who visited the Great Cypress Swamp in 1809, wrote; "We began to enter one of the most frightful labyrinths you can imagine. It was filled with tall tangling shrubs thickly matted together almost impervious to the light." So you can imagine what John Watson and William Parsons of Pennsylvania and John Emory and Thomas Jones of Maryland must have encountered in 1750 when they survey the Transpeninsular Line establishing the east-west boundary between Pennsylvania’s “Three Lower Counties” (now Delaware) and the Colony of Maryland.

The 1750 survey describes getting thru the 13 miles swamp as brutal work and it took them ten days. The surveyors notes recount wading in shoulder high water,flies, and mosquitoes, dangerous snakes, quicksand, poison ivy, and no stable land to set up instruments. The swamp prohibited a stone marker at mile 15, otherwise there is one every five miles in this Transpeninsular Line.

British Indian River Invasion June 1814

On June 20, 1814 the British frigate "Nieman" sent two barges with sixty men into Indian River, burning two or three coasters and shallops loaded with lumber, and securing a ransom for two others since they were hard pressed for food and water. Governor Daniel Rodney, (A Lewes Merchant) ordered a company of fifty men to Lewes and the British withdrew.

British Fifth Rate frigate 'Nieman' (1809) was a 38 gun ship that had been captured from France and put into service in the Royal Navy. It was broken up in 1815.

A barge was an open boat about about eighty feet long, carrying sixteen oars and a swivel gun.

A shallop referred to an open wooden workboat such as a barge, dory, or rowboat. Shallops were small enough to row but also had one or two sails.

Coastal trading vessels, also known as coasters, are shallow-hulled ships used for trade between locations where their shallow hulls can get through reefs where deeper-hulled sea-going ships usually cannot.

Bits Of News In Delmar - 1956

Harry Gibson, local fuel oil and coal dealer, was presented the Lions Distinguished Service Plaque at the regular dinner meeting of the Delmar Lions Club on Wednesday at the Avenue restaurant.

Clyde Gordy 1930

From State Register September 1930 - Delmar News

Clyde Gordy, colored, residing near Delmar, was instantly killed by lightning while sitting beside an open window in his home last Wednesday evening. His wife who was sitting beside him, was uninjured

Sunday, June 7, 2015

The Northern Delaware Lynching of 1903

The only lynching to occur in Delaware happened in Wilmington in 1903. Normally when you think of lynching you think of hanging but the definition of the word is an illegal execution carried out by a mob, often by hanging, but also by burning at the stake or shooting. The term lynching probably derived from the name Charles Lynch (1736-96), a justice of the peace who administered rough justice in Virginia. But none of those fine nuances probably went thru George F. White’s head the night he was roped and bounded and thrown into a fire to burn to death.

Seventeen-year-old Helen S. Bishop (a white woman) was robbed, raped, and had her throat cut by someone. Helen Bishop was the daughter of Rev. Dr. Elwell and Clara Bishop. On June 15th, 1903 the police arrested George F. White an ex-convict and a Black man for the assault. On June 16th Helen Bishop died of her injuries, the coroner’s return of a death report put the cause of death as “ Shock Caused By Maltreatment.” George White was moved to the newly built workhouse in Price Corners. The public was inflamed over the girl death and demanded an immediate trial for George White.

The Sunday, June 21st, Sermon of the Reverend Robert A. Elwood (Wilmington Olivet Presbyterian Church) was a fiery one in which he showed blood-stained leaves from the site of Helen Bishop’s assault. He called for swift justice. Ellwood had came to Wilmington in 1899 and assumed the pastorate of the Olivet Presbyterian Church. He was known for his sensational methods in delivering sermons etc. at one time he was involved in charges of doing violence to church law but was acquitted on trial by the New Castle Presbytery.

Ellwood would say afterwards; “I am very sorry it happened as it did. I believe the man should have had a legal trial, but I also believe that he should have had a speedy trial. The lesson we can learn from last night’s outbreak is that people are tired of the delays of the law.”

On June 22nd at 10pm there was an attack by several thousand people on the New Castle County workhouse. This was at a time when Wilmington had about 11,000 people of which 70% was white. The police knew it was coming and reinforced the workhouse staff. They attempted to repel the attackers with water hoses and shooting over their heads. In the mob was 15 year old Peter Smith. He was hit in the back with a bullet and died on June 24th from the wound. He was the son of Michael and Fannie Smith.

The mob broke into the workhouse and took George White from his cell. They tied him up and took him back to the scene where Helen Bishop was killed. He gave a confession that he cut the throat of Helen Bishop. He was tied to a stake and a fire was started. He broke loose at least once when the fire had burnt the ropes on his legs and he was caught, beat, and thrown back in the fire. It was over with by 2 AM. The fire could be seen from the porch of Helen Bishop’s parents.

The next day thousands of people visited the scene of the lynching. Some sifted thru the ashes for relics ranging from bones to a foot to pieces of burnt wood. The coroner visited the scene and picked up the largest parts which was a small portion of the trunk and a couple of charred bones.

Most people involved started the excuse process the day after the lynching; Judges said they couldn’t have done a speedy trial. The Police said they couldn’t stop several thousand people from breaking into the work house. Everyone said the leaders of the Lynching were from out of state, not us. In general, Delaware said it was an unfortunate circumstance.

The mother of Helen Bishop, Clara, would die due to the shock of the event within the next couple of years.

Carry A. Nation Comes To Salisbury - 1910

I felt invincible. My strength was that of a giant. God was certainly standing by me. I smashed five saloons with rocks before I ever took a hatchet.
Carry Nation

Carry Amelia Moore Nation was a six foot tall temperance advocate famous for being so vehemently against alcohol that she would use hatchets to smash any place that sold it. Born on November 25, 1846, in Garrard County, Kentucky, to George and Mary Moore. George Moore was of Irish descent, and he owned a plantation with slaves. Mary Moore had a mental illness that caused her to be under the delusion that she was a lady-in-waiting to the queen of England, and later she imagined that she actually was the queen.

She married a doctor named Charles Gloyd on November 21, 1867, who was an alcoholic, Their only child, a girl they named Charlien, had a mental disability. Carrie believed it was caused by her husband’s drinking, altho it may have been from her side of the family given her mother condition. He died at the age of 29, less than two years after his marriage to Carrie. He left behind a 23-year-old wife and an infant daughter.

Carrie felt he spent too much time drinking with his fellow Masons. When she asked for their help in controlling his drinking, they ignored her request. This instilled negative feelings about the Masons that lasted a lifetime.

Her second husband was David Nation, an editor of a newspaper and a part-time preacher and lawyer. Their marriage was not happy either, In 1901, after 29 years of marriage and at the height of Carry's prohibition activities, David filed for divorce. Claiming, "I married this woman because I needed someone to run my house," he cited grounds of "desertion."

On June 5, 1900, she was convinced she heard the words

"GO TO KIOWA," and my hands were lifted and thrown down and the words, "I'LL STAND BY YOU." The words, "Go to Kiowa," were spoken in a murmuring, musical tone, low and soft, but "I'll stand by you," was very clear, positive and emphatic. I was impressed with a great inspiration, the interpretation was very plain, it was this: "Take something in your hands, and throw at these places in Kiowa and smash them."

Nation promptly went to Kiowa, Kansas, (Kansas had outlawed alcohol sales)gathered some rocks, and entered a saloon. Announcing "Men, I have come to save you from a drunkard's fate," she began to destroy alcohol bottles and other objects by throwing the rocks. She similarly destroyed two other saloons in town, using not only rocks but brickbats, bottles, and a billiard ball as ammunition. Carry's attack surprised local officials, but because of the fact that the operation of saloons was illegal she was not jailed as she would be later in other communities. Turning from rocks to a hatchet to destroy saloons between 1900 and 1910, she was arrested 30 times for "hatchetations," as she called them.

In November 1910 she visited Salisbury Maryland for a couple of days. The local papers of the time report her visits as recounted here;

From the Salisbury Advertiser November 1910
Tells Them a few Things At parson Opera
Pool Rooms Declared Great Evil

Carrie A. nation, who has been classed as the modern Don Quixote has been making a tour of the Eastern Shore, reached Salisbury this week and for two evenings made the Welkin ring in Parson's Opera House on the smashing question. a number out of curiosity were present to hear her deliver her addresses. It is to be presumed that she found conditions fairly satisfactory here as we have heard of no places being smashed or any raids being made. Despite her national reputation she was not greeted here with the overwhelming enthusiasm that some had expected. The chief evils found on the Easter Shore seem to be the pool rooms and bottle business chiefly carried on by the colored population.

From the Salisbury Courier Nov 5 1910

Famous Saloon Smasher Of The West At Parsons Opera House.
Scores The Old Parties and denounces Secret Societies.

Mrs. Carrie A. Nation the famous saloon smasher blew into Salisbury on Tuesday last and out again on Thursday, leaving a trail of hatchets in her wake.

Carrie evidently does not place a very high valuation on her services as an American platform speaker for she delivered two fifteen cent lectures or rather tirades in Parson's Little Opera House on Tuesday and Wednesday evenings. She is a religious crank of the genus lunaticus and has divided her activities between the smashing of saloons and the counting of money upon her wideshend notoriety. She had with her a quantity of souvenir hatchets which she sold for ten cents or three for a quarter and a $1.00 book of her life, entitled "How I Smashed the Saloons.

Mrs. Nation has recently branched out and is smashing everything in general and such small organizations in particular as the Republican and Democratic parties and the Masonic fraternity. She declared that God had shown her a vision while in a revolving cage of a Kansan Jail of two terrible serpents with bodies as large around as a barrel and the horrible reptile with the head was the Republican party and the one without the a head the Democratic party and that was the only difference between them one had a head and the other didn't.

Mrs. Nation paid her respects to all Masons in sulphuric language and denounced secret orders in general. she declared that both her former husbands were Masons and while they paraded pompously around the corpse the widow paid the bills. This seemed to be the casus belli of her furious attack on the fraternity.

She is not a brilliant speaker nor even a fluent talker, but she gets off a number of trite sayings and characteristic utterances. She quotes largely from the bible by which she attempts to bolster up her wholesale attacks and peculiar philosophy.

In less than eight months after her Salisbury visit she would be dead. Her final speech was in Eureka Springs on January 13, 1911. She had health problems prior to her death that may account for problems with her lecture speeches. She lapsed into a coma during the speech and was taken to Evergreen Place Hospital in Kansas, where she remained in poor health until her death on June 2, 1911. Doctors said the cause of death was heart failure.

She was buried in Belton, Missouri. If Carry Nation had lived just a few years longer, she could have seen Prohibition become the law of the land. She was not the only temperance advocate, but she probably was one of the most influential.

The Delaware Flag


The State Flag of Delaware was adopted on July 24, 1913 and is steeped in references to the colonial era in which Delaware was one of the thirteen original colonies. In fact, Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States and that fact is proudly represented on the state flag.

A field of colonial blue is the setting for a buff colored diamond in which the coat of arms of the state is displayed. Beneath the diamond and the coat of arms is the date, December 7, 1787. This is the day that Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution and the first state of a new nation.

The colonial blue field and the buff colored diamond were said, by members of the commission established to design the state flag, to represent the colors of a uniform worn by General George Washington. And, indeed, some regiments of the Revolution wore blue coats with buff trim. The diamond is a reference to an early state nickname, the Diamond State, so given because of Delaware's small size and great value, evidenced in its geographical position on the Atlantic Ocean and its leadership contributions.

The coat of arms depicts early occupational symbols for shipping, farming, hunting and cattle ranching.

News Tidbit - 1921

Miss Carrie and Elsie Records, Oscar Sullivan of Delmar spent last Saturday evening with Miss Minnie ONeal of Laurel

Ralph C. McCain Missing in Action or Buried at Sea

Ralph C. McCain Aviation Radioman, Third Class, U.S. Navy
Service # 2584604 United States Navy
Entered the Service from Delmar, Maryland
Parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph L. Booth, 205 East St., Delmar.
Died: 25-Aug-44 Missing in Action or Buried at Sea

Name is on Tablets of the Missing at Honolulu Memorial Honolulu, Hawaii


M. Carrie Ellis - A Mystery

A reader sent me a reference to a newspaper article on M. Carrie Ellis. Carrie Ellis lived in Delmar in the 1890's and 1900's. Her son-in-law was Dr. James Brayshaw, whose name a house on Jewell Street carries. I had done a post on The Brayshaw House some time ago.

Mary Carrie Chaworth married Jonathan Waller Ellis on January 13, 1874 in Cambridge Maryland. Her mother was Margaret Phillips Chaworth and her father was L. Byron Chatworth. The two of them were married June 2, 1852.

The newspaper article I keyed in to this post and is interesting. I know that altho the house was called The Brayshaw house it was owned by M. Carrie Ellis. Perhaps this inheritance mentioned in the article was the source of the money for the house - one can only guess. Googling Chaworth and you find only confusion with no reference to L. Byron Chaworth than in marriage license and this newspaper article. So it is a bit of a mystery.

So back to Dr James Brayshaw, in 1896 he married Agnes Ellis, a young lady 27 years his junior. She was the daughter of Jonathan Waller Ellis (1840-1915 son of James Ellis and Eleanor Ann Waller) and Mary Carrie Ellis (1854-1930). James and Agnes had one son, James Ellis Brayshaw (1897-1931). The son married Laura Rodney (1897-1930). Altho the house is called the Doctor James Brayshaw house from what I can determine the house was owned by his mother-in-law, M. Carrie Ellis. The house was built between 1903 to 1906 (fits the time of an inheritance). It is unclear when the house was sold. It could have been after Jonathan Ellis died in 1915 or after Carrie Ellis died in 1930. Regardless, in the 1920 census Dr. Brayshaw is practicing medicine in Delaware City and his mother-in-law is living with them. James Brayshaw died in 1927 and Agnes Brayshaw died in 1957. The Brayshaws and Ellis' are buried in Parson Cemetery in Salisbury.

So here is the article;

A Romance of Maryland

Marriage In Dorchester County of L. Byron Chaworth

From The Evening Times May 7, 1901

CAMBRIDGE, MD May 6, - A letter from an attorney in the South to Mayor Robert G. Henry, of Cambridge, inquiring the whereabouts, if living, of a certain lady, has revived an old romance that has been forgotten for 40 years.

Somewhere about 1850 or ’52 a young Englishman came to Cambridge and announced himself as L. Byron Chaworth, of England. He came, he said, to make the Eastern Shore his home and wanted employment. He was a comely young fellow with the thews and sinews of a trained athlete and accomplished in feats of strength and agility then quite uncommon in this region, In addition to this he performed some creditable tricks in legerdemain and ventriloquism, which added to his graceful manner and charm of an educated cultivated mind, soon made him a welcome guest in the best homes in Dorchester county.

He had very little means at his command and engaged in teaching school at Antioch, several miles from Cambridge. His athletic training stood him in good stead in those days when big boys in country schools were very hard customers to handle. Young Chaworth proved to be an all-round good fellow and waxed popular with young men and maidens. He could hold his own with the best educated gentlemen in the country, back a horse as well as the most cunning jockey and play a stiff hand at poker with the best adepts of the game.

It was the possession of such accomplishments as these that caused Farmer Henry Phillips to refuse Chaworth the hand of his pretty daughter Margaret when the Englishman sued for it. But the objection was of no avail, for one dark night pretty Maragret escaped out of a second-story window into the arms of her lover and was married to him by the most convenient minister. The elopement was the talk of the county for a while and many thought that the young lady had “carried her ducks to a bad market.” Pretty soon Chaworth began to show himself in colors other than those exposed to the public eye before his marriage. He treated his wife badly and became very dissipated and reckless in his conduct. A year after the marriage a girl child was born. She was named Karee. The child was yet an infant when Chaworth left his wife and went South. He never came back to Maryland nor communicated with his wife so far as known. He was heard of during the Civil War as a spy in the Confederate service. Chaworth said his full name was Lord Byron Chaworth and created the impression that he was of the same family of Chaworths into which the poet Byron tried to marry. He also claimed to be a scion of a noble house and possible heir to wealth and title. No one believed this to be true after his bad conduct in the county.

Now, however, comes a letter from a Southern Lawyer to Mayor Henry asking after the daughter of L. Byron Chaworth, in which it is stated that such a person was known to have been born in Dorchester county in the fifties. The letter also stated that the inquiry was made through the request of the London solicitor of Count Chaworth. Mayor Henry declines to disclose the name of the lawyer who wrote the letter and the name and residence of the lady. But, he says, the lawyer stated that there is a considerable estate in which the daughter of Lord Byron Chaworth is interested aboard, presumably in England. The lady in question was married many years ago and lives in Delaware. She was located by Mayor Henry after some effort and told of her probable good fortune. The lady requested Mr. Henry to withhold her name from the public until she learned more about the matter, to which he gave assent.

Now, then, comes an interesting point, Why should an English solicitor be writing to a lawyer in the South about a lady who presumably could be found in Cambridge , Md.? It looks as if there are some people in the South who may be interested in any estate that rightfully belongs to the heirs of Byron Chaworth, that worthy gentleman having been long since gathered to his fathers, and his wife, poor woman, having died seven years after giving birth to his child. It may be that Chaworth married in the South and left a family there and that the lawyer mentioned might be their attorney. At any rate, the parties interested are moving warily and some developments are soon expected to throw more light upon the situation.

The resurrection of this old romance brings up memories of another person who figured in Cambridge for many years and who though as well known as any man in the county during his life, passed into the beyond and left behind an impenetrable mystery. This man, George Winthrop, was closely connected with this romance of the Chaworths, inasmuch as he was appointed guardian of Karee Chaworth by the court upon the death of her mother and administered the property her mother left her faithfully and well until she grew to womanhood, married and left the State.

George Winthrop came to Dorchester about 1832 as the tutor of the children of Levin Richardson at Elsing, on the Little Choptank river. He said he was from Massachusetts and of the same family as the historic Governor Winthrop. Later on he abandoned school teaching and created the impression that he had become well off through a family inheritance.; He lived in Cambridge in good style always had money and all thought him comparatively rich, though he never possessed property here. He was highly respected all his long life and died full of years and honors, leaving behind him only about enough money to pay funeral expenses.

Some of his close friends here wrote to the people in Massachusetts that George Winthrop claimed as his relatives and whom he ostensibly visited in his annual trips North and were amazed to learn from their replies that none of them had ever heard of him. From that day to this no one has been able to find the slightest clue to either the supposed fortune or the birthplace or a single Northern friend of George Winthrop.

Native Of Delmar Maryland Dies In San Diego

When he retired as editor of The San Diego Union’s editorial page in 1990, Edward Fike looked back at his 13-year tenure and noted the changes that had occurred in his beloved San Diego.

“We have seen the maturing of the city and a host of new problems,” he said in a March 31, 1990, interview with The San Diego Union. “But these are not problems of decline and decay. These are problems of growth.”

Mr. Fike died Aug. 26 (2011)of a heart attack at Scripps Memorial Hospital Encinitas. He was 91.

He worked diligently to help grow San Diego, from promoting the trolley to cofounding the San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum, now known as USS Midway Museum. He was instrumental in the convention center’s construction, served on the board of Hubbs-Sea World Research Institute, and founded MILMEC, a local group of media, industrial, legal, military, educational and corporate leaders that has met regularly for 30 years.

“Ed Fike was an unalloyed conservative who always fought tenaciously for what he believed was best for San Diego and America,” said Bob Kittle, who succeeded Mr. Fike as editorial page editor of the Union. “Not everyone shared his conservative outlook, but no one could ever doubt his sincerity and his commitment.”

Edward Lake Fike was born March 31, 1920, in Delmar, Md., the second of four children to Claudius Edwin Fike and Rosa Lake Pegram. He received a bachelor’s degree in economics from Duke University in 1941 and graduated as an ensign from the Naval Officer Candidate School at Northwestern University in 1942.

As a navy lieutenant and division officer during World War II, he served as navigator aboard the ammunition ship Mount Baker and the amphibious ship Rushmore during its participation in the Battle of Leyte Gulf. He was a naval reservist from 1946 to 1963.

Mr. Fike’s first journalism job was from 1945 to 1948 as editor and co-publisher of the Nelsonville Tribune in Nelsonville, Ohio. After working as director of public information at Duke University and serving on the U.S. Delegation North Atlantic Counsel in Paris, he returned to newspapers in 1953 as associate editor of the Rocky Mount Evening Telegram in North Carolina.

From 1957 to 1968, he was editor and publisher of Fike Newspapers in Montana and California, followed by two years as associate editor of the Richmond News Leader in Virginia.

In 1970, Mr. Fike came to San Diego as director of news and editorial analysis for Copley Newspapers. In 1977, he was named editor of the Union’s editorial pages.

“He was a fearless editorialist,” said Kittle. “In a White House briefing for regional newspaper editors in 1978, Ed directly challenged President Jimmy Carter on his cutbacks in the Navy’s budget at a moment when the Soviet Union was engaged in an arms buildup. The White House transcript of that session shows that the president came out the loser in his encounter with Ed.”

Retired Rear Adm. Riley Mixson, who worked with Mr. Fike on bringing the aircraft carrier Midway to San Diego, remembers his friend as a “real fireball” but also someone who could just as easily defuse a tense situation.

“More than once when we were getting in heated discussions over this issue or that with regards to bringing the Midway here, Ed would say, ‘Let’s just take a deep breath here. We are in it for the same motivation.’

“Every step of the way, Ed had the right amount of sense intermixed with the right amount of humor and ability. He had a very calming effect when passions wanted to take over.”

Mr. Fike is survived by his wife of 59 years, the former Amy Drake of Cardiff; sister Ruth Pittman of St. Petersburg, Fla.; daughters Rosa Stevenson of Solana Beach, Evelyn Chapin of San Jose, Amy Peters of Carlsbad and Melinda Vertin of San Jose; and 10 grandchildren. He was predeceased by his twin brother Claude Fike and sister Evelyn Laupus.

A memorial service will be at 11 a.m. Sept. 23 at First United Methodist Church in Mission Valley. Donations may be made in Mr. Fike’s memory to First United Methodist Church, 2111 Camino del Rio South, San Diego, CA 92108 or to Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute by emailing

From San

Delmar High School Hockey

From The Double Mills Newsletter
There is an interesting comment in it about Delmar High School Hockey

My mom and I saw this old plow outside of an antique store in
Onancock, which sent mom down memory lane. She told me about
her days at Delmar High in the late ‘40s—early ’50s when the
school district couldn’t afford hockey sticks for the gym class, so
they used plow handles. By today’s standards, I guess she was
“under-privileged,” but I don’t think she ever felt that way at all

Saturday, June 6, 2015

West To Ohio

April 16th, 1834 Elisha Hasting started to the state of Ohio to Marysville, Levin Hasting to the same place on Wednesday Entry from the Diary of Isaac Sullivan, a Storekeeper, who lived between Portsville and Bethel Delaware.

In researching family trees frequently you find you have cousins in Ohio. In the 1800’s there was a great migration from the East coast to Ohio and other parts of the Old Northwest Territory (Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois). Delmarva had thousands of people migrate west. Ohio in 1800 had a population of 45,000 white people and by 1840 it had 1.4 million. Usually People from Delmarva would settle in Southern Ohio because they crossed thru the Cumberland Gap which took them into the southern end of the state.

So why did they go west? The incentives for migration were many and varied since each person responded to factors which either repelled him from his old home or attracted him to a new home. There were hardship reasons; from the effect of the Revolutionary war and War of 1812 where the British burnt and destroyed family property and farms. There was the unusual climatic aberrations of 1816 occurred because of the 1815 volcanic Mount Tambora eruption on the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia.
It created a year without a summer in which the crops failed. In 1819 a financial panic swept across the country. The growth in trade that followed the War of 1812 came to an abrupt halt. Unemployment mounted, banks failed, mortgages were foreclosed, and agricultural prices fell by half. Investment in western lands collapsed. The Land Act of 1820 reduced the price of federal land to $1.25 acre, with a minimum purchase of 80 acres and a down payment of only $100. Further, the act gave squatters the right to “preempt” these conditions and purchase the land even more cheaply if they had made ‘improvements’ to the land like the building of homes, fences, or mills. Various land companies and speculators, most importantly the Ohio Company of Associates, the Connecticut Land Company, and John Cleves Symmes, began the process of buying and selling Ohio lands and advertising heavily in East coast towns and Europe.

Revolutionary War veterans were given land in Ohio. The very name Cincinnati came from the Society of the Cincinnati, which gets its name from Cincinnatus, the Roman general and dictator, who saved the city of Rome from destruction and then quietly retired to his farm. The society honored the ideal of return to civilian life by military officers following the Revolution rather than imposing military rule. To this day, Cincinnati in particular, and Ohio in general, is home to a disproportionately large number of descendants of Revolutionary War soldiers who were granted lands in the state.

Frequently correspondence with friends and families who had migrated before - It was very common for recent migrants to write to family and friends back home to report on their journeys and their successes (or lack thereof) in their new homes. In most cases, these letters included both subtle and outright requests for the recipient of the letter and his/her family to travel to the West in order to join the writer in his community. Which created pockets of Delawareans since they settled in areas where other Delawarean settled. New Holland, Pickaway County Ohio is one area were a number settled.

And of course even on Delmarva there are always people who are ready to travel anywhere for the adventure.

Sept 8, 1828 John Gordy of William of Maryland and Joseph Leonard started to the Western Country on Monday Entry from the Diary of Isaac Sullivan

Various routes were followed by the settlers depending on the time period they left Delmarva. The Allegheny Mountains posed the greatest barrier to westward expansion. The two principal routes were overland from Baltimore to Redstone on the Monongahela River via the National Road (today RT 40); or by the Forbes Road (Rt30) from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh. At the end of these two overland treks, the settlers bought or constructed boats and rafts and continued their journey by water. They came by pack-horse train up an Indian Trail. They came down the Ohio River, the whole family in a Flatboat, with team and wagon aboard. They came by several trails in Conestoga wagons, pulled by yokes of oxen or teams of horses, four horse teams.

Interestingly you can look at the families from Delaware living in Ohio and see a general trend as how they arrived in Ohio. In the 1860 census the people born in Delaware and living in Ohio are mostly in their 60’s. The husband would be from Delaware, his wife would be from Virginia, or Maryland, or Tennessee or Kentucky. The Children would be born in Ohio. It usually indicated that he went west by way of the Wilderness Trail which took him thru those states.

From 1825 to 1850, the National Road was the primary route immigrants and east coast settlers used in their western migration. Small towns sprung up along the pike. By 1837 14 of the state's 32 established stage routes connected to the National Road. Already established towns like Zanesville and Cambridge began to take on added importance along the new road, and completely new town were being laid out along the pike.

Looking at the 1860 census of people born in Delaware but living in Ohio we can see the people from Delaware mainly settled in Hamilton County, Pickaway County and Ross County. For every person from Delaware there were ten from Maryland that were living in Ohio. The Maryland people were all over Ohio with large pockets in Montgomery and Hamilton County. For every person from Delaware there were twenty from Virginia that moved to Ohio. In general people from Delmarva settled in southern Ohio due to the route they took to Ohio.

By 1860 most were over 50 years of age. The ones from Delaware that were tradesmen seem to have settled in Hamilton County where Cincinnati is located. Cincinnati was a melting pot of east coast people mixed with a large number of Germans and Irish. It was a riverfront town that was wild. The tradesman were Brickmakers, finishers, carpenters, shoemakers, chaircaners, blacksmith etc. Among the Delawareans settled there in 1860 were Wm Bell with a wife from Virginia and children born in Ohio, Henry Benson and wife with children born Delaware, Illinois and Ohio, Susanna Burroughs with children born in Ohio, Benj Dale with a wife from Virginia, Wm Elliott and family from Delaware etc

Delawareans in Pickaway county were mostly farmers with many settling in Perry township (John Bennett, Andrew Jester, Andrew Kimmey, Thomas Truitt, William Pennywell, Sarah Rowe, and Isaac Ecord), or Monroe towship (Elijah Lingo, Thomas w Bennett, John Darley, Elias Moore.) In Ross county they mainly settled in Deerfield Township ( Benj Brown (wife from Tenn.) John Crumpton, John Dowing Wm Hastings, Solomon Kimmey Wm Reed, Lydia Timmons, Ed Wilson , David Adams, Wm Crawford, etc.)

Hiram Hearn from Delaware picked up a wife in Ohio and in 1860 ending up living in Hardin County, McDonald Township, over in Dudley township was Sam Lingo (wife from Virginia), Isaac Short with wife Margaret both from Delaware, Geo Wingate, etc.

So when you post those on-line inquiries about family trees don't be suprised if someone from Ohio doesn't answer your inquiry.


One Horse or Two Horse farm

From The Wicomico News - 1908

I will rent for the year 1909 two 2-horse farms and one 1-horse farm. With or without teams. Apply to:
Delmar, Del.

Friday, June 5, 2015

See You At The Day In The Park

Stop by our booth and learn about the Delmar historical and Arts Society at Day in the Park in Delmar tomorrow.

Monday, June 1, 2015



President: Chris Walter
V.P. Patsy Bridge
Treasurer: Ginger Trader
Secretary: Karin Walter

Clip and mail to:

Delmar Historical and Arts Society
PO Box 344
Delmar, Delaware 19940


Name ________________________




 Annual dues are payable in January of each year and cover the period from January 1 to December 31.

Individual Membership - $24.00
Institutional membership - $48.00
Life Membership - $200.00
Student and Senior (62& over) $12.00