Wednesday, December 16, 2020
Is it coming down to the wire for that gift for the Aunt or Uncle who is always saying " I remember when Delmar Had...." Well maybe a membership to The Delmar Historical and Arts Society (DHAS) is the answer. For twelve dollar a year you can let that person join other Delmar people who say "Remember when Delmar had ..."
We meet at the Delmar Police Department Training room at 7PM the second Thursday of each month. The cost to be a member is twelve dollars a year. Membership runs January to December. If you are interested send a twelve dollar check made out to Delmar Historical and Arts Society PO Box 551, Delmar DE 19940.
Tuesday, December 15, 2020
Saturday, December 12, 2020
Monday, December 7, 2020
Just a link to a person from Delmar who was at Pearl Harbor
Proclamation on National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, 2020
On the morning of December 7, 1941, Imperial Japanese forces ambushed the Naval Station Pearl Harbor on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Tragically, 2,403 Americans perished during the attack, including 68 civilians. On this National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, we solemnly honor and uphold the memory of the patriots who lost their lives that day — “a date which will live in infamy” — and we reflect on the courage of all those who served our Nation with honor in the Second World War.
Seventy nine years ago, Imperial Japan launched an unprovoked and devastating attack on our Nation. As torpedo bombers unleashed their deadly cargo on our ships and attack aircraft rained bombs from above, brave members of the United States Navy, Marines, Army, and Army Air Forces mounted a heroic defense, manning their battle stations and returning fire through the smoke and chaos. The profound bravery in the American resistance surprised Japanese aircrews and inspired selfless sacrifice among our service members. In one instance, Machinist’s Mate First Class Robert R. Scott, among 15 Sailors awarded the Medal of Honor for acts of valor on that day, refused to leave his flooding battle station within the depths of the USS CALIFORNIA, declaring to the world: “This is my station and I will stay and give them air as long as the guns are going.”
Forever enshrined in our history, the attack on Pearl Harbor shocked all Americans and galvanized our Nation to fight and defeat the Axis powers of Japan, Germany, and Italy. As Americans, we promise never to forget our fallen compatriots who fought so valiantly during World War II. As a testament to their memory, more than a million people visit the site of the USS ARIZONA Memorial each year to pay their respects to the Sailors entombed within its wreckage and to all who perished that day. Despite facing tremendous adversity, the Pacific Fleet, whose homeport remains at Pearl Harbor to this day, is stronger than ever before, upholding the legacy of all those who gave their lives nearly 80 years ago.
On this National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day, we recall the phrase “Remember Pearl Harbor,” which stirred the fighting spirit within the hearts of the more than 16 million Americans who courageously served in World War II. Over 400,000 gave their lives in the global conflict that began, for our Nation, on that fateful Sunday morning. Today, we memorialize all those lost on December 7, 1941, declare once again that our Nation will never forget these valiant heroes, and resolve as firmly as ever that their memory and spirit will survive for as long as our Nation endures.
The Congress, by Public Law 103-308, as amended, has designated December 7 of each year as “National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.”
NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim December 7, 2020, as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. I encourage all Americans to observe this solemn day of remembrance and to honor our military, past and present, with appropriate ceremonies and activities. I urge all Federal agencies and interested organizations, groups, and individuals to fly the flag of the United States at half-staff in honor of those American patriots who died as a result of their service at Pearl Harbor.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourth day of December, in the year of our Lord two thousand twenty, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-fifth.
Saturday, December 5, 2020
It is that time of year again when you search for the old 8mm movies from the 1940s and 50s that you converted to VHS tape and then to DVD’s. Even in 2020 there will be some people visiting you can show them to. In 1965 Kodak came out with Super 8 movie camera and film, a big improvement over the 8MM. One of the prime movies taking time was Christmas, a time when everyone came over on Christmas day and bragged about what they got for Christmas. It was time you would capture a number of your Aunts and Uncles and Grandparents on camera visiting with your family. In looking at the movies I am always surprised how everyone smoked, the room would be cloudy over with smoke. There was always that one Aunt you would see running from the camera as she didn’t want to be photographed. The 8MM movie was less than 5 minutes long and in shooting it you had to swap the film over half way through as the film was really 16mm wide and you shot on both sides of the film to get an 8MM roll of film. Of course you also had a key on the side to wind the camera up to shot. Because the film was so short you rarely spent much time homing in on a person. It had to a special thing to get more than 30 seconds of film time; new baby, a wedding, a birthday, etc.
When VHS tapes came out in the 1980s you had a longer time to shoot, didn’t cost you anymore to spend 5 minutes on a subject than it cost to spend 30 seconds on someone. Now you can embarrass your son or daughter by showing movies of them when they were young even if they are approaching social security age now.
Thursday, December 3, 2020
A tradition that, fortunately, continues to this day, mailing Christmas cards from the Bethlehem Post Office with its special Christmas cachet. This image from 1981 captured Postmaster Aaron Carroll keeping busy that Christmas season. Help keep the tradition alive by mailing your Christmas cards from the Bethlehem Post Office this year!
an ad from the Salisbury Advertiser 1899
If you were to read a Salisbury newspaper about 1900 you would see an ad or maybe several ads in it for Dr Annie Colley, Dentist. She advertised extensively. At a time when dental work was frequently done at home by the wife of the family perhaps she needed to advertise.
above 1907 ad
She worked in Salisbury from about 1899 to 1911. She came to Salisbury with her husband, Dr Robert “Kyle” Colley. Dr Kyle Colley (1858-1900) had married Annie in 1883. They were both from Caroline County Maryland. He attended the Chicago Homeopathic Medical College and graduated in 1885. He had a practice in Queen Anne County before moving to Salisbury in 1899.
Both of their practices were in the Jay William Law Building opposite the courthouse.
In just a little over a year Dr Kyle Colley would be dead from Brights disease (a kidney disease).
above from the Salisbury Advertiser Feb 17 1900
He left Dr. Annie to carry on with her two daughters.
Anna “Annie” Frances Whiteley was born to Wm Henry Whiteley and Mary Pierce Whiteley in 1862. She would marry Dr R. Kyle Colley in 1883 and have her first daughter, Mary, in 1886. Her second daughter, Ethel, would arrive in 1888. They lived in Queen Anne County Maryland at the time. When she was about 34 she begins to attend the Philadelphia College of Dental Surgery, graduating in 1897.
The Philadelphia College of Dental Surgery started in 1856 and was a competitor of the Philadelphia Dental College. It graduated it's first woman dentist in 1869 and after that each graduating class would have one or more women graduating as Dentist. It is interesting that John Henry “Doc” Holliday noted gambler, dentist, and gunfighter of the old west was a 1872 graduate of the college.
After the death of her husband she stayed on in Salisbury. Both of her daughters graduated from Salisbury High School and became teachers. In 1911 she moved from Salisbury to New Jersey where she was the dentist for the New Jersey Hospital for the Insane at Greystone Park.
The building is often feature on abandoned building websites
Dr Annie Colley would end up living with both of her daughters in New Jersey. She would die in 1935 and be buried at the Sudlersville cemetery alongside her husband.
Mary K Colley would graduate Salisbury High School in 1904. She would become a teacher and end up at Westfield high school where she would teach business courses until retiring in 1948. She would come back to Salisbury in 1954 to attend the 1904 class reunion. She would die about 1971.
1935 yearbook photo of Mary Colley from Westfield High School
Ethel Roberts Colley would graduate Salisbury High School in 1904. She would teach in Salisbury and in 1913 move to Pennsylvania to teach. She too would end up in New Jersey as a teacher. She would die in 1973.
Both daughters would remain single and with their deaths would end this family tree branch for the Colley and Whiteley family. It is unknown where Mary and Ethel are buried.
Saturday, November 28, 2020
uniform size box 10 x10x 4 1/2 and weight 11 pounds
Better known as the Red Cross Box, the American Red Cross Prisoner Of War Food Package NO 10, was sent to American POWs in whatever country they were in during WW2. Those prisoners in Europe such as Sgt Thomas Mirando of Delmar fared better in receiving the package then Sgt George Kerekesh and Pvt Millard C Smith, both of Delmar, who were in Japan occupied territory. In many cases the Germen let the POWs have the entire box, in other cases they would only let them have the candy and cigarettes and keep the rest for the prison cookhall where they were combined with the German POW food. The Japanese rarely let the POWS have anything.
100,000 boxes a month were filled in Philadelphia and shipped to Geneva Switzerland where they were distributed across Europe. Some packages were shipped and stored at Vladivostock and stored on site until Japanese vessels picked them up for possible distribution to prison camps in Asia.
Letter from William H Jopp of Denton, Maryland POW in Germany
Well, it is your turn to get a letter although there isn't much to write about. I hope you and Daddy are ok. The only thing I can think to write about now is the Red Cross parcel we get every week and today is the day. We get 1 can of corned beef, can of minced pork (lunch meat) 1 box of cheese, 4 to 6 packs of smokes, 1 can butter, 1 can of liver paste, 1 can powder milk, 2 candy bars, 1 can of orange juice, 1 can salmon, 1 box of crackers, 1 box sugar cubes, 1 box of prunes, or raisins, 2 small bars soap, and 1 can coffee. It sure is a nice box. With this box and the German rations I can make out all right. We have plenty books to read. I will write again next week,
Thursday, November 26, 2020
Wednesday, November 25, 2020
Mickey ‘Bat’ Efferson, A noted wing walker and parachutist of the period. He seemed to have been several people; one was the version he gave to the press and the other was what documents would show. He gave his name as Michael Patrick Ryan Efferson and used different versions of the name during his lifetime. Regardless of his name you can not take away the daring he displayed and the adventures he had.
He says he has been jumping since 1919 and Efferson, according to his account, had worked with Ivan R. Gates Flying Circus in 1927 as one of the Diavolos. Ivan Gates would prepare advance posters for each town they would be visiting. The posters would name the star stunt man and in a period of a year several of them died performing which meant the posters had to be reprinted at a loss of money. Gates decide who every the stuntman was he would be called El Diavolo (The Devil) and that way he would not have to reprint posters if they died on him. Gates also was the first to only charge a dollar a ride to the public and some days he (or his flyers) would make $2,000 a day.
His account says he was born in Brady, Texas, his marriage licenses says he was born in Syracuse, New York. He said he was in WW1 and always maintained a soldier of fortune attitude. He selected Wilmington as his home and base of operations in the late 1920s and into the early 1930’s. From Wilmington he would fly across the country performing shows.
In 1930 he married Mildred Hitch (1909-1990) who was from Greenwood. They did it in a Bellanca six seater aircraft while flying over Wilmington, Delaware. Allison Buck was the pilot and the Rev. Ralph Minker officiated. By 1934 she had filed for divorce. She would later marry Harry T. E. Schechinger.
Efferson would be in Tampa Florida in the 1930s for the Tampa Times newspaper selling ad space. He went by the name Mike Ryan while there. In 1941 he joined the Royal Air Force Ferry Command and was in Gander Newfoundland. Later in the 1940s he would work for the Tampa Times and run his airplane business of Effeson and Associates, which bough surplus planes and parts.
In 1949 he married Esther Gertrude Murray in Washington DC using the name Michael Efferson. A few weeks later in April he died in a hospital in Washington. It is unknown where he is buried.
Tuesday, November 24, 2020
Monday, November 23, 2020
The United Railroad Historical Society of NJ recently posted a photo of inside the Wreck train crane they have rebuilt. Delmar did not have this model but it did have a wreck train unit with crane stationed here in Delmar.
see their facebook page for videos of it in action
From their page
Exciting news: Our Erie Railroad 160-Ton wreck crane can now be counted among our operating artifacts in Boonton Yard! This project was a labor of love by one of our volunteer mechanics, Erik Stenzel, who has been rebuilding components in his home shop over the past year. Check out his startup and operating demo in this video.
With Thanksgiving arriving everyone prior to 1950 was busy getting ready for winter. Livestock is slaughtered, firewood and coal is stored, the final crops are harvested, the windows on the house are chinked with newspapers to stop the draft. Since cellars and thusly root cellars are rare on Delmarva due to the high water level, a variety of root vegetables for the family winter use and for livestock feed were stored outside in kilns (clamps, tumps, etc the name widely varied). Vegetables such as apples, white potatoes (sweet potatoes were always stored in heated potato houses), celery, turnips, carrots, beets, and cabbages would be stored in these kilns. Some farmers would have several kilns because different vegetables (cabbages, apple, celery) would not be stored together due to the ethylene gas they produce, smell or moisture.
The construction of the kiln and the placement of the vegetables in the kiln was highly personal based on the family creating it. Each family felt their way was best. The basic kiln however was a clear spot of land that straw or pine shats were put down in a layer, then a layer of vegetable placed on that, followed by another layer of straw, followed by more vegetables until a cone shape pile was created. The pile would then be coved in straw, pine shats and/ or fodder plus an outside layer of dirt. The center of the pile would just be straw or cover by a slab of rock or tarp to allow for ventilation of the pile.
Bob Jones facebook page Worcester County History had a writeup by Estel Holland on making a kiln, again different from my description but as i said every family did it different.
Storage in the earth: Another thing Daddy used to do in the early fall was build a kiln."" This was done by digging a hole in the ground, approximately four by four feet, maybe 18 to 20 inches deep — not too deep because water could spring in. The pit would be lined with old boards or old tin, tin being best because that would help keep the rodents out. After this was done, you would line the kiln really well with pine shats. After this was done, you would store your cabbage, turnips, and potatoes — usually red skins for they kept better. Cover the top with more boards, leaving a opening in the side for a small door so you could reach in and take out your vegetables as needed. You would pile dirt on your kiln, approximately 1 to 2 feet deep, surrounding all of it except for your little door. This would keep your vegetables from freezing in the winter. You would usually build your kiln near the house so if the weather turned bad with snow, ice, or extreme cold — you never had to walk too far. Other parts of the country have more elaborate systems than this, and are often called root cellars. We kept sweet potatoes, sometimes apples, in a vacant room upstairs near the chimney.
Sunday, November 22, 2020
On June 1, 1927 Fannie German and Julia Bryan (sisters) open a restaurant in the Stone House called "German and Bryan". They were daughters of Levin Lowe and Mary Ellen Waller Lowe. Fannie German was Mrs. Mary Frances German (1865 -1941) and Julia Bryan ( -1937) was her sister and she was married to George Bryan. Referred to as Aunt Fannie, Fannie German was well known to the railroad people that rented her rooms and ate at her restaurant. Fannie German had been married twice; once to William Thomas Gillis and second to Harvey German.
MRS. GERMAN, CALLED "AUNT FANNIE", DIES
Princess Anne, March 18 Funeral services for Mrs. Mary Frances German, who died here Sunday at 5 P. M March 16, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Mary E. Byrd, will be conducted at 3 P. M., Thursday from the First Baptist Church, Delmar, Del. The Rev. L. A. Thomas, pastor of the church, will be in charge of the services.
The deceased, a native of Delmar, was born March 12, 1865. She was the daughter of the late, Mary Elizabeth Waller and Levin Lowe of Delmar. She was a charter member of the Delmar Baptist Church, members of the Trainmen's Auxiliary, and a member of Daughters of Liberty. She entered the restaurant business in Delmar in 1912. Later she operated the Stone House Hotel with her sister under the trade name of German and Bryan.
Mrs. German had been living with her daughter here for the past, seven years.
She was well known on the Delmarva Peninsula and she was known as "Aunt Fannie" to a large circle of P. R. R. trainmen, who patronized her business establishments, and who were included in her large host of friends.
She is survived by three children: Mrs. Mary E. Byrd of Princess Anne, Mrs. John J Feehan of Denver, Colorado, and Mrs. E. W. Dozier of Philadelphia, Pa. Two sisters, Mrs. Nettie Williams of Delmar and Mrs. Ida Ellis of Bristol, Pa.; also nine grandchildren and three great grandchildren also survive.
She was twice married; William Thomas Gillis, and Harvey German, respectively.
Above from The Salisbury Times 18 March 1941